Penetration testing, also known as Vulnerability Testing, is the process of testing a computer system, network or Web application to find vulnerabilities that an attacker could exploit.
Penetration testing is a necessary aspect for companies and has benefits overall as by identifying and fixing vulnerabilities, companies can protect their computer systems and data from unauthorized access, theft or damage.
The benefits of penetration testing include:
• identifying vulnerabilities that could be exploited by an attacker
• helping to safeguard against data theft or loss
• improving the overall security posture of the organization
Penetration testing should be an integral part of an organization’s security strategy, and can help to protect against a wide range of threats.
Network Penetration Testing
Local Area Networks
Most people think of penetration testing as something you do to a remote network, but it's just as important to test your local area network (LAN). A penetration test can reveal vulnerabilities in your network that could be exploited by someone with malicious intent.
One of the most important things a penetration test can do is identify which devices are connected to your network. This includes everything from your computer to your printer to your router. Once you know which devices are connected, you can start to assess the security risks associated with each one.
A penetration test can also help you identify weak points in your network security. For example, if you have a password-protected Wi-Fi network, a penetration test can help you determine if the password is strong enough. It can also help you identify vulnerabilities in your firewall and anti-virus software.
If you're responsible for the security of a LAN, it's important to perform regular penetration tests. Not only will this help you identify and fix vulnerabilities, but it will also help you protect your network from attack.
As businesses move more and more of their critical infrastructure to cloud-based platforms such as Google Cloud Platform (GCP), Amazon Web Services (AWS), or Azure, the need for comprehensive penetration testing of these environments becomes increasingly important.
In a recent study, it was found that 97 percent of companies are now using cloud services, and of those companies, 87 percent are using more than one cloud provider. This migration to the cloud is being driven by a number of factors, including the desire for increased agility, scalability, and security.
While the cloud does offer many benefits, it is also important to remember that it is not a magical security panacea. In fact, a recent study by Ponemon Institute found that the average company experiences two cloud security incidents every month.
Fullstack Application Penetration Testing
User Experience / Human Error
User experience testing is important for new applications because it helps identify human errors that can occur during use. By identifying these errors, they can be fixed before the application is released to the public. This can help avoid frustration and confusion among users and can improve the overall user experience.
One common type of human error that can occur during use is incorrect input. For example, if a user enters incorrect information into a form, this can result in an error message or incorrect data being saved. Another common type of human error is incorrect navigation. For example, if a user clicks on the wrong link or button, this can lead to them getting lost within the application.
User experience testing can help identify these types of errors, as well as others. By identifying and fixing these errors, businesses can help ensure that their applications are as user-friendly as possible. This can help improve customer satisfaction and increase the likelihood that users will return to the application in the future.
Database Access / Injection
Database access and data field injection penetration testing should be an important part of any organization's application security program. By identifying and addressing vulnerabilities in the way that data is accessed and manipulated, organizations can greatly reduce the risk of malicious actors compromising the data integrity of their applications.
Database access vulnerabilities can allow unauthorized access to sensitive data, while data field injection vulnerabilities can allow attackers to execute arbitrary code or SQL commands on the database server. These vulnerabilities can be exploited to steal data, inject malware into the database, or even take over the database server.
Fortunately, these vulnerabilities can be easily identified and addressed with proper penetration testing. Organizations should ensure that their applications are properly tested for these vulnerabilities and that any vulnerabilities are addressed before going into production.
By implementing proper database access and data field injection penetration testing, organizations can greatly reduce the risk of malicious actors compromising the data integrity of their applications.
API penetration testing is the process of verifying the security of an API by attacking it. This is done by identifying and exploiting vulnerabilities in the API. By doing this, you can prevent your API from being compromised and the data it contains from being leaked.
API penetration testing is important because APIs are increasingly being targeted by hackers. A recent study found that 81% of organizations had their APIs compromised in some way. The main reason for this is that APIs are often unprotected and lack the necessary security measures.
API penetration testing is done using tools such as Burp suite. Burp suite is a tool that allows you to test the security of web applications. It has a number of features that can be used to identify and exploit vulnerabilities in an API.
User / Human Penetration Testing
Internal & External Based Testing
User or human penetration testing can also be known as a Social Engineering test. Social engineering is a term used to describe the act of manipulating people into doing things they might not ordinarily do, through the use of deception and other persuasive tactics. It can take many different forms, from tricking someone into giving up their login credentials to compromising their computer security in order to gain access to sensitive information.
One of the most important steps an organization can take to prevent future social engineering attacks is to conduct a social engineering penetration test from the inside of the organization posing as part of an executive team or their assistants. This test will help identify any vulnerabilities that could be exploited by a social engineer.
Organizations can use the results of a social engineering penetration test to improve their security procedures and protect themselves from future attacks. By identifying and addressing the vulnerabilities in their security procedures, organizations can make it more difficult for hackers to gain access to their networks and data.